Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters. Disaster Management Career Opportunities in Pakistan Jobs Scope Salary Requirements guideline for courses, admissions, income sources and complete future plan also here at.
Disasters can be defined as some dangerous situation or event that can happen unexpectedly anywhere at anytime.
The word disaster originated from the French word ‘desastre’, which is a combination of words ‘des’ (bad) and ‘aster’ (star) and therefore disaster indicates bad star. Disasters that cause serious threat to normal life, property, environment as well as the process of development may be rapid or slow and can be classified as natural disaster, man-made disaster and hybrid disaster. Natural disasters are those which result from natural forces like earthquakes, floods, tsunami, cyclones, volcanic eruption etc.
Second One is Man-made disasters like blast, terrible accidents, gas calamity, etc are caused from human beings interaction with artificial environment. Hybrid disasters (eg. epidemics) are those disasters that result from a compound of both natural or man made disaster. The increasing population, deforestation, industrial growth etc can be sighted as the reasons for both natural and human made disasters.
- Hurricanes and Cyclones.
- Volcanic Eruptions.
Disaster management also called as Emergency Management is all about dealing with all kinds of disasters. Its major objective is to reduce the shocking effects of a disaster on the affected community and to help them return to normal life within a short period. Disaster management is a multi disciplinary area covering a wide range of issues like monitoring, evaluation, search and rescue, relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation operations.
This highly responsible profession includes the plans and actions before, during and after the disasters. It is a combination of mechanisms such as timely warning, alerts, fast response and efficient coordination. Even though we cannot stop or avoid natural disasters, it is possible to resist aftermath calamities of such disasters.
In Pakistan, the state and focal government take obligations of fiasco administration and the legislature has included catastrophe administration as a program to think about. Numerous foundations offer courses in Disaster administration that would assist one with getting into the field of crisis supervision. Numerous administration and non-government associations require crisis administration experts to work for the advancement of society. It is a genuinely paid industry and regardless of all the hazard, fiasco administration is one of the professions that give mental fulfillment to the individuals who needs to serve the general public.
Disaster Management Career Opportunities in Pakistan Jobs Scope Salary
Disaster management is the method of controlling a disaster by using skillful ways. Its techniques or methods are based on the economic status of a country and hence it varies from country to country. Disasters are managed better and quicker by the developed countries than the developing countries. Developing countries are reporting high number of deaths related to disaster, and Pakistan has second place in it due to its geographical position, climate and geological setting. The course is beneficial for social workers.
Eligibility & Course Areas
Disaster management courses are offered at the short term certificate, undergraduate, postgraduate degree and diploma levels. Basic educational qualification, i.e Higher Secondary Certificate Examination (10+2) is needed to pursue a career in disaster management. But for masters or MBA, the student should be a graduate in any field (even from a professional field such as engineering or medicine graduate), who has a minimum average of 50 percent marks from any recognized institute or university.
Disaster management professionals should be mentally and physically fit to be able to handle all types of circumstances at any time. Timely action is very much needed for this profession, there fore one who aspires to be in this profession should be alert and should be able to implement apt plans immediately for any situation. Disaster management professionals are not only responsible for other’s well being but also for self’s life and health. They should be ready to take huge responsibilities. Good communication skill is essential for this career, as they have to communicate easily and effectively. Good organizing capability and team spirit are other skills that one should possesses to perform well in this industry.
- Tornadoes and Severe Storms.
- Hurricanes and Tropical Storms.
National Governor’s Association designed a phase of disaster model to help emergency managers prepare for and respond to a disaster, also known as the ‘life cycle’ of comprehensive emergency management. The four phases of disaster following
Job Prospects & Career Options
Pakistan, being a country prone to frequent natural calamities in its diverse landscapes, the need for disaster management professionals is on the rise. In this field, employment opportunities are offered in the disaster management departments of government agencies such as fire departments, drought management departments, law enforcement authorities, relief agencies etc and Insurance companies, industries in the high-risk fields like chemicals, mining, and petroleum which have their own disaster management cells. One can work as a social worker, environment expert, rehabilitation worker etc.
Engineering professionals in the field of disaster management can design buildings that help resist disasters. Graduates in disaster management can start their own consultancies as well. Managing and protecting the mass from different hazards is a very important duty and it needs to be carried out with extreme care and caution. Disaster management is more of a service related field, so one should enter the field fully prepared i.e understanding the pros and cons of the field.
Disaster Management personnel should be well prepared to manage emergency situations and should respond to the needs of the people and areas affected, in a quick and efficient manner. They have to be prepared and should have a plan in mind as to how to combat any disaster if it occurs. The right planning helps to decrease the intensity and impact of the disaster.
Civil servants, civil engineers, police and defense personnel, paramilitary personnel, fire fighters and other protective service workers on their training period will undergo training and workshops on disaster management which would be very helpful for them.