Soil Science Career Scope in Pakistan

Soil Science Career Scope in Pakistan Jobs Requirements Opportunities Salary guideline for courses, admissions professional programs, experience training scheme to become most experienced and boost your income performance in field as per start career in Soil Science work.

Soil science is the study of soil as a natural resource on the surface of the Earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils.

Soil Science is the study of the physical, chemical and biological characteristics and behaviors of soils and deals with soil formation, classification and mapping. Soils are not merely the resource for food production, but also play a crucial role in waste management, supporting the distribution of plants and animals and also support in distribution and storage of water and nutrients.

Soil science is an integrated discipline of biology, chemistry, physics, geology, geography, climatology, hydrology and mathematics. Soils provide plants with essential minerals and nutrients. Soils provide air for gaseous exchange between roots and atmosphere. Soils protect plants from erosion and other destructive physical, biological and chemical activity. Soils hold water (moisture) and maintain adequate aeration.Soil Science Career Scope in Pakistan Jobs Requirements Opportunities Salary

Soil Science Career Scope in Pakistan Jobs Requirements Opportunities Salary

Nature of Work Soil Scientists:

  • Focus on understanding, managing and improving soil and water resources.
  • Study the upper earth crust in terms of its physical and chemical properties; distribution, genesis and morphology; and biological components and attempt to determine the origin, distribution, composition and classification of soil.
  • Collect, consult, investigate, evaluate, interpret, plan and inspect data related soil science.
  • Develop methods of conserving and managing soil
  • Advise and suggest farmers and other landowners regarding ways, in which they can best use land, promote plant growth and avoid or correct problems such as erosion.
  • Conduct experiments to develop new or improved varieties of field crops, focusing on adaptation to specific soils or climates.
  • Investigate soil problems and poor water quality to determine sources and effects.
  • Manage soils for crop and forest production and erosion control management, evaluate nutrient and water availability to crops.
  • Identify and develop methods and techniques  to improve chemical, biological and physical characteristics of degraded or contaminated soils


Admission Requirements






4 Years

2 Years

3-5 Years

  • FSc. Pre-medical (Bio-Chem-Phy)
  • Equivalence if other than FSc (A’Level etc..)
  • 50% marks

Qualities Required

Job Opportunities

  • Be able to communicate clearly and concisely, both orally and in writing.
  • Interest towards nature and physical stamina are two most important qualities that one should have as one has to work in farms, fields and forests.
  • Most of agricultural scientists need an understanding of basic business principles, the ability to apply statistical techniques and the ability to use computers to analyze data and to control biological and chemical processing.
  • Agriculture industry
  • Consulting firms
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • Agricultural product manufactures
  • Cooperative extension
  • Soil conservation service
  • U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization
  • Farm management agencies
  • Independent laboratories
  • Forestdepartment
  • Mining industry
  • Universities and colleges
  • Environment protection agencies
Eligibility Requirements:
  1. Minimum of a bachelor’s degree with a major in the area for which application is made, or a closely allied field of science and meet the minimum core requirements.
  2. Five years of professional experience, subsequent to the bachelor’s degree, working in the area of certification.
To improve sandy soil:
  • Work in 3 to 4 inches of organic matter such as well-rotted manure or finished compost.
  • Mulch around your plants with leaves, wood chips, bark, hay or straw. Mulch retains moisture and cools the soil.
  • Add at least 2 inches of organic matter each year.
  • Grow cover crops or green manures.