Anatomy Career Scope in Pakistan Opportunities Jobs Salaries income future complete guide with courses admissions study guide about Anatomy Graduates details. Human anatomy scientific study of the morphology of the adult human. It is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or Anthropotomy is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision.
Anatomy is divided into macroscopic and microscopic anatomy. Macroscopic anatomy, or gross anatomy, is the examination of an animal’s body parts using unaided eyesight. Gross anatomy also includes the branch of superficial anatomy. Microscopic anatomy involves the use of optical instruments in the study of the tissues of various structures, known as histology, and also in the study of cells.
Anatomy courses are required for pre-medical, pre-veterinary, nursing, exercise science and biology students. Courses in this subject area often require a combination of classwork and lab work, which will include instruction in methods of research and analysis of both human and animal systems.
Courses like human anatomy and physiology, developmental anatomy, neuroanatomy, histology, and veterinary anatomy are included in this field of study, which is widely offered at colleges and universities throughout the country.
The study of the physical structure of creatures, especially humans. The Anatomist is an expert on dissection techniques, gross anatomy, Neuroanatomy, and histology. He is highly knowledgeable about the organization and function of the various bodily parts, organs, and tissues. Career opportunities and job prospects for Anatomy Graduates also mentioned.
He has studied the internal structure of different creatures and is familiar with the various evolutionary adaptations. When given a tissue sample, he can study it to determine various anatomical properties. Anatomy is often used to complement a biomedical skill.
Here is an outline of common concepts learned in anatomy courses:
- Proper anatomical terminology
- Function of organ systems
- Basic identification of anatomical structures
- Observational and data analysis
- Effective dissection and laboratory techniques
- Parts of human body
- Upper limb
- Pectoral girdle
- Lower limb
- Pelvic girdle
- Cranial cavity
- Spinal cavity
- Thoracic cavity
- Abdominopelvic cavity
- Abdominal cavity
- Pelvic cavity
- Planes, lines, and regions
- Regions of head
- Regions of neck
- Anterior and lateral thoracic regions
- Abdominal regions
- Regions of back
- Perineal regions
- Regions of upper limb
- Regions of lower limb
Anatomy Career Scope in Pakistan Opportunities Jobs Salaries
List of Anatomy Courses
Human Anatomy and Physiology Course
Students who enter college as biology or pre-med majors are required to take this course in the first two years of study. Combined lecture and laboratory coursework includes study of human bone structure, tissue and organs. Systems and functions of the human body are studied in depth. An understanding of proper terminology is emphasized. This course is sometimes referred to as gross anatomy.
Developmental Anatomy Course
This required course for pre-med students covers the development cycle of human beings from the embryo to full maturity. Changes that occur in human anatomy over time are analyzed in both the classroom and laboratory. Normal and abnormal development is discussed.
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Course
In this course, students study vertebrates and compare and contrast their anatomy. The evolution and adaptations of vertebrates are discussed. Students analyze mammals in laboratory experiments to discover their similarities, differences and changes over time. This is an advanced course for students who have already completed studies in anatomy and biology.
Neuroanatomy course instruction focuses on the central nervous system, its development, structure and function. The brain is studied through computer simulations, case studies and laboratory dissections. This intensive course is geared towards advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
Students in this anatomy course study tissues and organs in the human body. After reviewing cell structure and function in human tissue, students use microscopes to view normal and abnormal cell structures. This course should be taken after completion of a general anatomy course.
Veterinary Gross Anatomy Course
Aspiring veterinarians complete this generalized anatomy course to learn about the basic structure and systems of carnivorous animals. Included in this course are studies of bone structure, the nervous system, genitalia, tissues and membranes of these types of animals. This course is taken in the first semester of a graduate-level veterinary program.
Career Opportunities for Anatomy Graduates
Most anatomists work in colleges, universities, or medical centers. They usually teach and do research. They help train scientists, as well as physicians, dentists, nurses, pharmacists, and other workers in the health field. Some work for government agencies or for medical and scientific publishing firms. Others are employed by private companies, such as firms that make artificial limbs or organs
Anatomists with a doctoral degree can advance to positions of assistant, associate, and full professor or to director of research in a university or medical center.
- Veterinarian: Examination of animals to diagnose and treat health problems, performing surgery, prescribing medication, administering vaccinations and treatment of injured animals.
- Medical Scientist: Medical scientists organize studies to investigate human diseases, develop procedures for medical applications and analyze medical samples.
- Epidemiologist: Epidemiologists examine the causes of diseases and public health problems.
- Chiropractor: Chiropractors treat patients with problems relating to the musculoskeletal system which consists of bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons.
- Massage Therapist: Massage therapists treat clients by using touch to manipulate the soft-tissue muscles of the body.
- Athletic Trainer: Athletic trainers aid in the prevention, analysis and emergency attention of medical conditions among athletes. Athletic trainers also help people avoid injuries by teaching them preventative stretches, exercises to improve strength and proper use of equipment.
The O’level subject combination and requirements needed to study Anatomy,
Five SSCE credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Anatomy under the Faculty of Medical, Pharmaceutical & Health Sciences in the above Universities include, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry or Physics.