Geology Career Scope in Pakistan Opportunities Jobs Salary requirements guideline for admissions, courses complete information for choice future in Geology field for life and new inventions. Geology is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time. Geology can also refer to the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet or natural satellite such as Mars or the Moon.
Examination of the structure, composition, and history of the earth’s rocky crust and interior. Geologists map the location of various rock types, then theorize about how the rocks were formed and why they moved and changed since their formation. They can locate mineral and water deposits, perform geologic surveying and mapping operations, and determine the suitability of construction sites.
Areas of specialization include the search for valuable resources such as minerals and petroleum deposits, studies of the ocean bottom, construction consultation for dams and tunnels; classification and analysis of minerals and jewels, chemistry of the rocks, volcanology, examination of the forces that shape the earth’s surface such as erosion, glaciation, volcanic eruption, and seismic shifts, the chronology of the rocks from radioactive decay; and the strata of rock in the earth’s crust.
A skilled geologist will be able to classify a rock and understand how it formed. He will also be able to estimate the odds that a significant geological event, such as an earthquake or volcanic eruption, will occur by applying models and instruments, plus examining historical records and geological data.
- Engineering geologist.
- Geophysicist/field seismologist.
- Wellsite geologist.
Geology Career Scope in Pakistan Opportunities Jobs Salary
Education requirements vary according to a candidate’s career path, but a bachelor’s degree is the minimum requirement to work as a geologist. Upper-level research and teaching positions in geology require a graduate degree. Some geologist positions may require a license, depending on the state.
Most geologist positions require a master’s degree; however, entry-level positions are available for graduates with a bachelor’s degree. Upper-level supervisory positions, research assignments and teaching positions at a university require a doctoral degree. Geology programs include the study of mineralogy, petrology, paleontology, stratigraphy and structural geology, as well as physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics and engineering.
Geologists who offer their services directly to the public may need to be licensed in their state. Requirements vary but generally include a minimum level of education and experience, as well as the passing of an exam.