Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. Law Career Scope in Pakistan Jobs Opportunities Salary requirements guideline for special courses training admissions and classes to get best career income through Law and Lawyer degree income in future life.
Career as a Lawyer in Pakistan. A legal system exists in every civilized society to safeguard people’s rights, interest, and their life and property. To run the system successfully there needs people who can understand the laws, interpret and explain them to the common people. There come the jobs for lawyers. Career as a lawyer has always been a respectful option in the civilized societies in the world. An advocate is one who speaks on behalf of another person, especially in a legal context.
Specialization in Law
In many countries, lawyers are general practitioners who will take almost any kind of case that walks in the door. In others, there has been a tendency since the start of the 20th century for lawyers to specialize early in their careers. In countries where specialization is prevalent, many lawyers specialize in representing one side in one particular area of the law; thus, it is common in the United States to hear of plaintiffs’ personal injury attorneys.
How to enroll as a lawyer in a Bar Council. How to become a lawyer
Legal practitioners and Bar councils acts 1973 and Pakistan Legal Practitioners and Bar councils act 1976 are there for the registration/enrollment of lawyers and their qualification. Enrollment in the concerned Provincial Bar Council is imperative to practice as lawyer in the lower courts. After passing the examination of LL.B in Pakistan a person can get himself enrolled in the Bar Council.
The enrollment as an advocate is subject to getting through the subjective type/ Multiple Choices of written Examination within a period of 2½ years in four attempts, completion Of six months apprenticeship and passing the Viva Voce Examination. The candidate will be supplied, at the time of submission of Intimation, a book-let Containing questionnaire, against deposit of Rs. 300/- as Examination fee. However, the Examination fee for every subsequent attempt shall be Rs. 200/-
The Questionnaire shall consist of the questions pertaining to the following subjects:-
- Civil Procedure Code
- Criminal Procedure Code
- Limitation Act
- Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
- Legal Practitioners and Bar Councils Act 1973
- Canons of Professional Conduct and Etiquette of Advocate as framed by the Pakistan Bar Council.
- Court Fees Act, and suits Valuation Act; and
Admission to the Bar Council
A bar council is a professional body that regulates the profession of lawyers. In Pakistan, one becomes a member of the bar after fulfilling certain requirements. They must have a valid law degree from a recognized university, and they offer certain undertakings and pay the Bar Association fees. If a person does not hold an LL.M Degree in Pakistan then they must first complete six months pupilage with a practicing Advocate, whom they must have assisted on at least ten cases during their six-month pupilage period.
A pupilage is the final stage of training to be a lawyer and usually lasts six months. At the end of the six months a pupil must get their senior advocate to sign a certificate confirming satisfactory completion and send it to the Bar Council. The pupil will then receive a Certificate after which he will be entitled practice as a lawyer and can write word advocate with his name.
Law Career Scope in Pakistan Jobs Opportunities Salary Requirements
Advocate High Court
Advocate High Court is the second level, and is eligible to practice in the High Courts of Pakistan and below. A license is obtained after successful completion of two year’s practice in the lower courts by application which is reviewed by a body of High Court Judges headed by the respective provincial Chief Justices and the relevant provincial Bar Council. Most applications after successful completion of the requirement are accepted.
Advocate Supreme Court
Advocate Supreme Court is the third level. After successful completion of ten years practice at the High Courts by application to the Pakistan Bar Council and reviewed by a panel of Supreme Court Judges headed by the Chief Justice of Pakistan. Over fifty percent of the number of applications after successful completion of the requirement are accepted. An unsuccessful application in one year does not bar the candidate from re-applying in the next judicial year.
Senior Advocate Supreme Court
The highest level is the Senior Advocate Supreme Court. It is Pakistan’s title equivalent to Queen’s Counsel in the United Kingdom. After at least fifteen years of practice in the Supreme Court, Application for becoming a senior advocate Supreme Court may be submitted to a panel of Supreme Court Judges headed by the Chief Justice of Pakistan. Very few applications are accepted and even fewer invitations are made. Attorney Generals are invited by the Supreme Court on appointment to the office.
Duties of Lawyers
Lawyers typically do the following:
- Advise and represent clients in courts, before government agencies, and in private legal matters
- Communicate with their clients, colleagues, judges, and others involved in the case
- Conduct research and analysis of legal problems
- Interpret laws, rulings, and regulations for individuals and businesses
- Present facts in writing and verbally to their clients or others, and argue on behalf of their clients
- Prepare and file legal documents, such as lawsuits, appeals, wills, contracts, and deeds
Courts in Pakistan
- Supreme Court of Pakistan
- Sindh High Court
- Lahore High Court
- Lahore High Court Bar
- Peshawar High Court
- District Court Karachi (East)
- Malir Court Karachi
- Hyderabad Courts Sindh
After partition courts were classified into criminal courts and civil courts. Civil courts further divide into three categories namely Court of the District Judge, Court of the Additional District Judge and Court of the Civil Judge. While the Criminal Courts were classified as follow:
- Court of the Magistrate Class I
- Court of the Magistrate Class II
- Court of the Magistrate Class III
- Court of the Magistrate Section 30
Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators
Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators facilitate negotiation and dialogue between disputing parties to help resolve conflicts outside of the court system.
Judges and Hearing Officers
Judges and hearing officers apply the law by overseeing the legal process in courts. They also conduct pretrial hearings, resolve administrative disputes, facilitate negotiations between opposing parties, and issue legal decisions.
Paralegals and Legal Assistants
Paralegals and legal assistants perform a variety of tasks to support lawyers, including maintaining and organizing files, conducting legal research, and drafting documents.
Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and technical subjects beyond the high school level. They may also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books.