Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. Law Career Scope in Pakistan Jobs Opportunities Salary requirements guideline for special courses training admissions and classes to get best career income through Law and Lawyer degree income in future life.
Career as a Lawyer in Pakistan. A legal system exists in every civilized society to safeguard people’s rights, interest, and their life and property. To run the system successfully there needs people who can understand the laws, interpret and explain them to the common people. There come the jobs for lawyers. Career as a lawyer has always been a respectful option in the civilized societies in the world. An advocate is one who speaks on behalf of another person, especially in a legal context. Career & Scope of Law in Pakistan & Abroad Degrees, Diplomas & Short Courses, Jobs & Super Tips. Law is the best field for students with great ego. All those guys who do not like to become the subordinate of any one should either start their own business or they should enter in the legal profession. In all underdeveloped and third world countries lawyers enjoy a special VIP status in the society. In Pakistan my own community has become the most powerful pressure group of the society. They have become game changer in Pakistan as due to lawyers movement martial law(Emergency Plus) of Musharraff was removed from the country. In Pakistan big majority of lawyers do not pay any kind of tax. They are considered members of a above the law community. Just like generals and journalists they are also not accountable to anyone. Unfortunately being a lawyer of High Court, i have too even not applied for driving license as no traffic warden ask me to present it on showing my bar card.
In many countries, lawyers are general practitioners who will take almost any kind of case that walks in the door. In others, there has been a tendency since the start of the 20th century for lawyers to specialize early in their careers. In countries where specialization is prevalent, many lawyers specialize in representing one side in one particular area of the law; thus, it is common in the United States to hear of plaintiffs’ personal injury attorneys.
How to enroll as a lawyer in a Bar Council. How to become a lawyer
Legal practitioners and Bar councils acts 1973 and Pakistan Legal Practitioners and Bar councils act 1976 are there for the registration/enrollment of lawyers and their qualification. Enrollment in the concerned Provincial Bar Council is imperative to practice as lawyer in the lower courts. After passing the examination of LL.B in Pakistan a person can get himself enrolled in the Bar Council.
The enrollment as an advocate is subject to getting through the subjective type/ Multiple Choices of written Examination within a period of 2½ years in four attempts, completion Of six months apprenticeship and passing the Viva Voce Examination. The candidate will be supplied, at the time of submission of Intimation, a book-let Containing questionnaire, against deposit of Rs. 300/- as Examination fee. However, the Examination fee for every subsequent attempt shall be Rs. 200/-
The Questionnaire shall consist of the questions pertaining to the following subjects:-
Civil Procedure Code
Criminal Procedure Code
Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Legal Practitioners and Bar Councils Act 1973
Canons of Professional Conduct and Etiquette of Advocate as framed by the Pakistan Bar Council.
Court Fees Act, and suits Valuation Act; and
Admission to the Bar Council
A bar council is a professional body that regulates the profession of lawyers. In Pakistan, one becomes a member of the bar after fulfilling certain requirements. They must have a valid law degree from a recognized university, and they offer certain undertakings and pay the Bar Association fees. If a person does not hold an LL.M Degree in Pakistan then they must first complete six months pupilage with a practicing Advocate, whom they must have assisted on at least ten cases during their six-month pupilage period.
A pupilage is the final stage of training to be a lawyer and usually lasts six months. At the end of the six months a pupil must get their senior advocate to sign a certificate confirming satisfactory completion and send it to the Bar Council. The pupil will then receive a Certificate after which he will be entitled practice as a lawyer and can write word advocate with his name.
Law Career Scope in Pakistan Jobs Opportunities Salary Requirements
Advocate High Court
Advocate High Court is the second level, and is eligible to practice in the High Courts of Pakistan and below. A license is obtained after successful completion of two year’s practice in the lower courts by application which is reviewed by a body of High Court Judges headed by the respective provincial Chief Justices and the relevant provincial Bar Council. Most applications after successful completion of the requirement are accepted.
Advocate Supreme Court
Advocate Supreme Court is the third level. After successful completion of ten years practice at the High Courts by application to the Pakistan Bar Council and reviewed by a panel of Supreme Court Judges headed by the Chief Justice of Pakistan. Over fifty percent of the number of applications after successful completion of the requirement are accepted. An unsuccessful application in one year does not bar the candidate from re-applying in the next judicial year.
Senior Advocate Supreme Court
The highest level is the Senior Advocate Supreme Court. It is Pakistan’s title equivalent to Queen’s Counsel in the United Kingdom. After at least fifteen years of practice in the Supreme Court, Application for becoming a senior advocate Supreme Court may be submitted to a panel of Supreme Court Judges headed by the Chief Justice of Pakistan. Very few applications are accepted and even fewer invitations are made. Attorney Generals are invited by the Supreme Court on appointment to the office.
Duties of Lawyers
Lawyers typically do the following:
Advise and represent clients in courts, before government agencies, and in private legal matters
Communicate with their clients, colleagues, judges, and others involved in the case
Conduct research and analysis of legal problems
Interpret laws, rulings, and regulations for individuals and businesses
Present facts in writing and verbally to their clients or others, and argue on behalf of their clients
Prepare and file legal documents, such as lawsuits, appeals, wills, contracts, and deeds
Courts in Pakistan
Supreme Court of Pakistan
Sindh High Court
Lahore High Court
Lahore High Court Bar
Peshawar High Court
District Court Karachi (East)
Malir Court Karachi
Hyderabad Courts Sindh
After partition courts were classified into criminal courts and civil courts. Civil courts further divide into three categories namely Court of the District Judge, Court of the Additional District Judge and Court of the Civil Judge. While the Criminal Courts were classified as follow:
Court of the Magistrate Class I
Court of the Magistrate Class II
Court of the Magistrate Class III
Court of the Magistrate Section 30
Careers Related to Lawyers
Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators
Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators facilitate negotiation and dialogue between disputing parties to help resolve conflicts outside of the court system.
Judges and Hearing Officers
Judges and hearing officers apply the law by overseeing the legal process in courts. They also conduct pretrial hearings, resolve administrative disputes, facilitate negotiations between opposing parties, and issue legal decisions.
Paralegals and Legal Assistants
Paralegals and legal assistants perform a variety of tasks to support lawyers, including maintaining and organizing files, conducting legal research, and drafting documents.
Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and technical subjects beyond the high school level. They may also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books.
Recommended Law Courses in Pakistan
Its the best recommended course for serious students of law who want to join judiciary. This 5 years comprehensive course will equip you with all the required skills in the field. Only a slow learner can fail in legal practice after getting this 5 years degree.
LLB is a three year degree program after graduation in any stream of study. We have written a detailed article on this program to guide the students. After graduating in law you will have to get license of practice from the provincial bar council, All provincial bar councils take their internal tests for allowing the students to practice as an advocate in their any subordinate district bar. You will also have to get the membership of your provincial bar council.
Its a master program after LLB or BA-LLB..Its a recommended degree for those who want to join judiciary or academia. Fir further guidance about this program read our detailed article on LLM.
Legal Assistant Course
Skill development council and some law collages have also launched legal assistant course. This course prepares the students to assist the professional lawyers in the court. They are given the training of typing and short hand too. We also suggest to all undergraduate students to learn the English/Urdu typing/Ms Office/In-page and short hand for getting reasonable clerical job in judiciary or law firms.
Diplomas & Certificates
You may also get 6 months to 1 years diploma or certificate in different legal fields. These diplomas will help you in becoming a expert of a specific field of law, like income and sales tax, labor law, international trade, corporate laws, intellectual property law, banking laws, environmental laws etc.
MSc Criminology or Forensic Science
All those lawyers who want to become criminal lawyer, must go for MSc criminology or forensic science. Degrees in law enables you to become a public prosecutor, lecturer and judge/magistrate too.
5 Year Course includes Political Science, Sociology, Economics, and English subjects as minor areas of study to supplement the wide range of law subjects that its graduates are required to study. There are six subjects in each semester except semesters nine and ten, which have only five subjects in each