Pathology Career in Pakistan | Scope and Job Opportunities

Students who are interested in Pathology can build a highly rewarding career in this field. Here you can get all information about the Pathology career in Pakistan such as Pathology branches, courses, major subjects, eligibility,  and responsibilities. Pathology refers to a disease’s standard characteristics related to the body’s tissues. The field of study is concerned with analyzing tissues from the body to identify the cause. Pathologists also define specific medicines to treat a particular illness. In the modern world of science, there are many types of pathology like the pathology of plants, veterinary pathology, and general pathology. Pathology is the third most essential medical subject, following the anatomy and Physiology. It is a crucial area for both technicians and lab scientists. There is no way to be an influential doctor or laboratory scientist without having control over Pathology. It is a crucial part of the pathology process. In homeopathy, the symptoms are given greater significance than the disease itself; however, homeopathy doctors must be knowledgeable about Pathology to recognize what medical information is available and the effects of the medicines they prescribe.

Pathology is among the most fundamental medical sciences in which we research the causes and consequences of various illnesses. It typically involves the examination in the laboratory of samples of body tissue to determine the cause of ailments. Forensic specialists also study Pathology to identify the causes of death for any organism. Pathologists are experts at researching and diagnosing all kinds of diseases employing the most advanced medical laboratory technology.

Pathology Career in Pakistan

Pathology is the base for all medical practice and encompasses every aspect of patient treatment, including diagnostic tests and treatment plans. Pathologists are involved in various medical procedures and testing modern technology to develop multiple treatment options to help prevent illnesses. They work hard to produce the best solution to combat infections, viruses, and various life-threatening diseases. Due to the massive demand for skilled experts in this field of Pathology in Pakistan, it is not uncommon to see an unemployed pathological technician. Medical science is heavily reliant on lab tests. This is why a considerable collection of laboratories is being established across all countries worldwide. A certified pathologist can easily find employment in the private or public sector. The most brilliant people start their laboratory after gaining some experience. If you’re interested in beginning the creation of your own Pathology Lab, then examine the strategies of your current employer attentively or obtain at least an academic degree in Pathology.

Pathology Career in Pakistan | Scope and Job Opportunities

Pathology Career in Pakistan | Scope and Job Opportunities

Pathology Scope in Pakistan

Suppose you’ve done something or are planning to become a pathologist and are thinking of its possibilities. It is important to remember that Pakistan has a massive pool of skilled and well-trained pathologists. The need for a pathologist is exceptionally significant in research labs, hospitals, and university teaching. In addition, it is not necessary for Pakistan; however, in international settings, you can be employed and appointed while studying. You can increase your reach in Pathology and pursue this degree; you should believe you possess the skills of being accurate, with a keen eye for detail and analytical, with problem-solving capabilities to recognize pathological behavior.

Types of Pathology

The four most commonly used areas of pathology include:

  • Pathology of Chemical: nature is where you mix clinical and laboratory skills by using biochemical tests to identify or treat patients. Utilizing metabolic medicine, a subspecialty in the field of chemical pathology. You’ll be able to treat patients with chemical disorders that don’t work correctly.
  • Haematology: You’ll be able to diagnose and treat conditions of the bone and blood marrow. You’ll also assist in the diagnostic laboratory for hematology that comprises the blood bank.
  • Histopathology: You will identify and analyze disease through medical interpretation of tissues and cell samples. Your job is essential to managing cancer by assessing and staging tumors. Also, you’ll conduct autopsies to determine the cause of death.
  • Medical Microbiology: In medical microbiology, you’ll identify and treat and manage the prevention of infections in patients and the general public. The medical laboratory will be governed by you and act as an interface between the lab and the clinicians. Medical virology is the treatment of bloodborne infections and other emerging viruses.

Major Branches of Pathology

  • Plant Pathology
  • Veterinary Pathology
  • Anatomical pathology
  • General Pathology
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Speech Language Pathology

Job Opportunities

  • Speech Language Pathologist
  • Lab Technician and In-charge
  • Veterinary Pathologist
  • Researcher
  • General Pathologist
  • Professional Medical Writer
  • Plant Pathologist
  • Clinical Pathologist

Pathology Major Subjects

Below we have provided the list of the most important topics and the core subjects for postgraduate and graduate courses in Pathology within Pakistan.

  • Basic Laboratory Principles
  • Toxicology and monitoring of therapeutic drugs
  • Analytical methods for evaluation
  • immune chemical technique
  • Major Biochemical Assay Methods
  • Instrument handling
  • Pathophysiology
  • Research Methodology
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Chemistry for children in the preschool age
  • Writing for medical and literary research
  • Principles of the QC and assurance
  • Biostatistics & SPSS Data Analysis
  • Thesis and Seminar
  • Testing point care and automation
  • Animal Handling
  • Basic Principle of Laboratory Medicine
  • Analytical techniques & Instrumentation
  • Biochemical Analytes
  • Major Lab Methods
  • Lab Management
  • Medical Laboratory Technology 
  • Molecular Diagnostic & Genetics
  • Interpretation of clinical data
  • Basic Lab Technique and Procedure
  • Clinical Endocrinology

Employment Sectors

  • Medical Diagnostic Labs
  • Medical & Dental Colleges
  • Para Medical Institutes
  • Homeopathic Colleges
  • Colleges of Eastern Medicines
  • Research Labs & Institutes
  • Medical Research Journals
  • Private & Government Hospitals
  • Postmortem
  • Forensic Departments of Medical Colleges and Hospitals

Career Options in Pathology

After obtaining a medical degree, completing a residency, and getting a medical license, you’ll be qualified to start your pathology career. You can be employed in many sectors, health areas, and also as a doctor or a nurse:

  • Anatomic Pathologist
  • Cytopathologist
  • Clinical Pathologist
  • Histopathologist
  • Chemical Pathologist
  • Hematopathologist
  • Virologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Forensic Pathologist
  • Pediatric Pathologist
  • Neuropathologist
  • Molecular Genetic Pathologist
  • Dermatopathologist
  • Medical Technologist

Eligibility Criteria for Pathology

  • If you’re looking to become an ophthalmologist within Pakistan, you must satisfy the requirements for the position. In the beginning, you need to finish five years of medical education with an MBBS or BDS and two years of specialization in a specific area. Following that, you can continue your pathology studies in the field in which you specialize.
  • If you are interested in Pathology after completing FSc pre-medical, you can do BS pathology; however, in this case, you need to select a particular subject in which you can specialize during four years of study and a one-year residence at any hospital that is public.
  • After completing BSc pathology, you are eligible to apply for admission into MSc pathology within Pakistan; you can be admitted if you hold a BSc degree in one of the mentioned subjects.

Major Responsibilities of Pathologists

Medical scientists are called pathologists. They are in charge of researching the kind of illness or infection, the causes, and the possible consequences. They offer a broad range of services that cover practically all aspects of clinical medicine. They can determine why the disease or infection occurred and how the cells and tissues are affected. They then choose the signs, symptoms, and other diagnostic tests to establish an accurate diagnosis. Pathologists detect diseases by performing various clinical procedures and looking at tissues and cells. They aid doctors in developing the most appropriate treatment plan for patients by monitoring their health and ensuring their health.

Here’s the list of tasks you’re expected to carry out as a pathologist.

  • Check your blood test results to determine any anomalies in blood cells.
  • Biopsies and study smears determine chronic illnesses like cancer and other ailments.
  • Use fine needle aspirations to detect malignancy.
  • Do autopsies to determine the root of the illness or the cause of death.
  • Discuss test results with doctors and medical staff and suggest the need for further medical examinations
  • Conduct clinical trials to identify efficient vaccines to fight infectious diseases.
  • Research and conduct experiments to develop new tests and to develop efficient treatment alternatives
  • Supervising lab personnel to create clinical reports and ensure the accuracy of test results
  • Meetings with nurses, doctors, surgeons, and other members of the healthcare team to discuss a possible treatment strategy.

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