Earth Science Career in Pakistan Scope and Job Opportunities

The students interested in Geology, Meteorology, Geophysics, Archeology, Earth Sciences, and Environmental Science can find a vast variety of careers in these fields. These all fields are interconnected to each other with very minimal differences. Get all information about Earth Science Career in Pakistan, such as Earth Science branches, courses, eligibility, scope, career opportunities, and required skills. Pakistan is a land with plenty of natural resources, so there are many careers related to Earth Sciences.

Earth science, also known as Geo sciences, encompasses all-natural sciences related to the earth. Science studies the physical structure of the earth and its atmosphere. Earth science studies the planet’s physical characteristics, including earthquakes, raindrops, floods, and fossils. Earth science studies the earth’s structure and properties, its processes, and the four-and-a-half billion years of biotic evolutionary evolution.

These phenomena are essential for maintaining life on earth. An expanding world population is a greater resource challenge, faces rising losses from natural disasters, and emits more pollutants into the air, water, and land. To sustain our existence, scientific knowledge of the natural materials, processes, and connections between the Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, and biosphere is essential. These environments are where life thrives and fails.

Geoscientists are interested in the structure and composition of the earth. Geoscientists study the earth’s geologic history and present using sophisticated instruments to analyze its composition, rock, water, and other elements. Geoscientists are responsible for searching for natural resources like groundwater, metals, and petroleum. Others collaborate closely with other scientists and environmentalists to clean up and preserve the environment.

Geology and Geophysics

It is one of many related subjects often referred to as the earth sciences or geoscience. Geologists study the outer parts of the earth’s rocks and their derivatives. Geologists use biology, physics, and chemistry knowledge to understand these materials. Therefore, geological fields like geochemistry, geophysics, and geochronology are essential disciplines that incorporate other sciences. This allows geologists to understand the time-dependent workings of earth processes better.

Geography is the study and investigation of the fluid and substantial issue that makes up the earth. Geography is the study of the origin, structure, physical properties, elements, history, and modification of Earth materials. This field is an essential scholarly order. It is also vital for hydrocarbon and mineral extraction and information about and relief from typical perils.

Geophysics uses physical standards to study the earth’s essential structure and development. Geophysics is concerned with earthquakes, the birth and destruction of planets, volcanic emission, and the development and maintenance of structural plates at the earth’s surface. It also concerns the steady ascent of land once protected by ice.

Branches in Earth Science

  • Geology
  • Oceanography
  • Meteorology & Climatology
  • Astronomy

Earth Science Careers in Pakistan Scope and Job Opportunities

Earth Science Careers in Pakistan Scope and Job OpportunitiesResponsibilities for Earth Scientists


  • Analyse the earth’s resources, history, and products.
  • Basic knowledge that society needs to address issues and create policies for welfare, safety, and resource management.
  • Reconstruct the past and make future predictions using your understanding of the forces that have shaped the world.
  • To deepen our understanding of the planet and human existence, we collect and analyse data.
    Aid in the mitigation of natural disasters such as landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.


  • You can search for oil and mineral deposits, water resources, and energy sources.
  • Underground detection of nuclear explosions is possible.
  • Information for the construction of bridges, dams, and buildings.
  • Concerned with earthquakes, the inner structure, and the development of the earth.
  • Learn about the earth’s interior and how it vibrates due to earthquakes and man-made blasts.
  • Map the Earth’s Surface and Explain the Variations.
  • Satellites can be used to determine the locations, elevations, and distances between points of the earth and measure the intensity or direction of gravitational forces.
  • Geophysicists who study the atmosphere compare the earth’s electric and magnetic fields with other planets.

Earth Science Career in Pakistan

A lot of students in Pakistan lack sufficient knowledge regarding their topic of study. This makes them believe that there are less positions for Earth Scientists in Pakistan. However, let me inform you that there are plenty of Earth Science employment at Pakistan’s departments of forestry and geology. Geologists and Earth scientists can find employment in these fields.

  • Government Departments
  • Geological Survey Organization
  • United Nations
  • Ministry of Petroleum
  • Oil & Gas Development Companies
  • Irrigation
  • Agriculture Firms
  • Forest Service
  • Environmental Firms
  • Companies in construction and engineering
  • Consulting and exploration firms
  • Geothermal Energy Sector
  • Dam sites/major dams
  • Army Corps of Engineers
  • Companies that specialize in mining and quarrying
  • Mines & Minerals Department of the Government
  • Companies that deal in natural gas and petroleum
  • Natural resource companies,
  • Universities and Colleges

Earth Sciences Career Opportunities

  • Environmental Consultant.
  • Groundwater Specialist.
  • Mining or Marine Engineer.
  • Environmental Scientist.
  • Geologist or Marine Geologist
  • Paleontologist.
  • Petroleum Geologist.
  • Geochemist.

Major Subjects of Earth Sciences

The study of the interaction between people and the environment is the focus of the large, multidisciplinary area of environmental science. It covers a broad range of topics, such as:

Ecology:The study of how organisms interact with their surroundings.

Environmental chemistry:The study of the chemical makeup of the environment and how human actions impact it.

Environmental physics:The study of environmental physical processes such as climate change and air pollution.

Environmental biology:The study of biological environmental components such as plants, animals, and ecosystems.

Environmental policy:Environmental policy is the study of how governments and other organisations can safeguard the environment.

Environmental law:Environmental law is the study of environmental legislation.

Environmental science students may take courses in mathematics, statistics, computer science, and writing in addition to these primary areas. Environmental science is a burgeoning area, and skilled environmental scientists are in great demand. There are several options accessible if you are interested in a career in environmental science. You can make a difference in the world by conserving our environment with hard effort and devotion.

  • Fundamentals of Biology
  • Introduction to Chemical Sciences
  • Fundamentals of Environment
  • Research Methodology in Environmental Sciences
  • Industrial Analytical Chemistry
  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Applied Environmental Chemistry
  • Applied Environmental Microbiology
  • Applied Environmental Biotechnology
  • Waste Treatment Technology
  • Environmental Physics
  • Fundamentals of Ecology
  • Environmental toxicology
  • Environmental Profile of Pakistan
  • Environmental Economics
  • Analytical techniques in Environmental Science
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • GIS & Remote Sensing
  • Environmental Management Systems
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Climate Change
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Natural Resource Management
  • Research Methods in Environmental Science
  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Applied Environmental Chemistry
  • Applied Environmental Microbiology
  • Applied Environmental Biotechnology
  • Water Resource Management
  • Renewable Energy Technology
  • Energy Efficiency in Built Environment
  • Poverty and Environment
  • Landscape Designing
  • Environmental Psychology
  • Social Theory of Environment
  • Industrial Analytical Chemistry

Earth Science Scope in Pakistan

In Pakistan, the field of earth science is expanding. With a bachelor’s degree in hand, geo scientists can pinpoint issues with the planet and its surroundings wherever in the world. These scientists look for answers to these issues as well. It is their duty to preserve and replenish natural resources. Depending on their inclinations, Earth Science graduates can achieve success in a variety of fields.

Earth Science Specializations

Earth Science has various specialisations. The specialisations of neuroscientists in these and several other sub fields are displayed in this list..

Atmospheric Scientists

Atmospheric scientists use maths and statistics to forecast weather. To comprehend the connections between the characteristics of the environment, they also do mathematical computations. Take the impact of pressure variations on air temperature, for instance. Their areas of interest include atmospheric chemistry’s function in ozone depletion and climate change, meteorological phenomena, global dynamics, and the impact of solar radiation and climate.

Engineering Geologists

Engineering Geologists use geological data, techniques, and principles to study rock and soil surface materials and groundwater and investigate geologic factors impacting structures like bridges, buildings, and airports.

Environmental geologists

Environmental geologists study the interactions between the hydrosphere and geo sphere, the atmosphere, the biosphere, and human activities. They address issues with waste management, pollution, urbanisation, and natural disasters like erosion and floods.

Geo chemists

Geochemists use inorganic and physical chemistry to examine the distribution and nature of major and trace elements within groundwater and Earth materials. Petroleum Geochemists use organic chemistry to study the composition of fossil fuel deposits (coal, oil, and gas).


Geologists research the earth’s physical characteristics, natural processes, materials, history, and products. Geomorphologists study the land forms and landscapes of the planet in relation to their geological, climatic, and human-caused processes.


Geomorphology is the study of land forms and their formation processes. In essence, landforms are reflections of the ways in which the earth’s atmospheric canopy, biota, and geotectonic framework interact.


An expert in the movement and physical characteristics of glaciers and ice is known as a glaciologist. Glaciologists investigate the Cryosphere to learn about the origin, motion, and impacts of other regions.


Hydrologists investigate water from the point of precipitation to the ocean’s surface or its evaporation into space. In order to forecast the consequences of flooding, they also research river systems.

Marine geologists

Within the field of environmental science, marine geologists are experts in the study of the ocean floor. They research the processes and historical events that have moulded the seabed bedrock’s geology.


Meteorology is the study of climate and weather. It studies the atmosphere, which is made up of layers of water and gases that surround the globe, using arithmetic and physics.


Mineral scientists are known as mineralogists. Since minerals are solid, naturally existing materials, many concepts and procedures may be readily investigated. This includes the earth’s core as well as the soil’s surface (and maybe some stuff from space).


The scientific study and examination of the oceans is known as oceanography, sometimes known as oceanology. Ecosystem dynamics, ocean currents, waves, geophysical fluid dynamics, plate tectonics, geology, the ocean floor, and fluxes of different chemicals and physical qualities inside and beyond the ocean are just a few of the many issues covered by this significant branch of Earth science.


The compositions, structures, fossils, and textures of deposits that have been deposited in various geographic settings are all examined by sedimentologists. They are able to differentiate between continental, marine, and littoral deposits in the geologic record thanks to these methods.


Seismologists are Earth scientists with a focus on geophysics. They investigate how seismic waves originate and spread across geological materials. These geological materials might represent the entire earth, from its surface to its core, or only a lab sample.

Soil Scientists

For the benefit of scientific, agricultural, government, and industrial personnel, soil scientists examine soil samples to ascertain their composition and quality. To gather and examine soil samples, fieldwork is necessary, even though the majority of soil scientists operate from offices.

Structural geologists

The scientific field of structural geology examines both large- and small-scale rock deformation. Research on structural geology has a wide range of applications. It includes everything from fold systems and fault patterns in the earth’s crust to submicroscopic crystal imperfections. The effects of deformation on rocks in the crust of the planet are studied by structural geologists.


Rocks and volcanic deposits were arranged in a layered manner along with their ages, compositions, and connections to adjacent rock strata. Stratigraphy predicts the kinds of rocks that are found under the surface and provides hints about the history of the planet. Understanding geologic processes is also helpful.

Economic Geologist

Earth resources that may be utilised for industrial or economic development are the subject of the scientific field of economic geology. Finding new sources of ore that can be mined and figuring out where they are in the earth’s crust are the main goals of research.

The task of finding and developing geologic materials with commercial applications falls to economic geologists. They are in charge of finding, evaluating, and using geological resources that are useful to humanity. Related topics include exploratory geology, which is the science of locating strategic or economic minerals, or ore processing, and mining application of geological ideas.

Military Geologist

Military geologists are used in modern combat to identify resources, analyse topography, and perform engineering. Military geologists include both special-training military personnel and civilians.

Forensic Geologist

Finding distinctive qualities in earth elements that can be utilised in an investigation is the responsibility of the forensic soil scientist/forensic geologist. In other words, the earth elements under question may now be compared against earth materials from different sites (such as control, reference, or alibi samples). To find criminal activity, they employ geological evidence. In connection with criminal cases, they study rocks, minerals, and fossils.

Required Skills

  • Science aptitude
  • Strong background in Chemistry and biology
  • Attention to Details
  • Analytical and Critical Thinking
  • Observation
  • Persistence
  • Integrity
  • Collaboration
  • Team spirit

What is the salary in the scope of  Earth Science in Pakistan?

Indeed, the pay is based on experience, talents, and certifications. It also relies on the person’s workplace, which might be a city. However, the average monthly salary in the area of environmental science is about 55,000. More experienced workers, however, may also make 100,000 a month.

Which universities offer environmental science in Pakistan?

Environmental science is taught in several Pakistani institutions. A few of these consist of:

  1. National University of Sciences and Technology
  2. University of Punjab
  3. University of Peshawar
  4. Bahria University
  5. Government College University
  7. University of Agriculture
  8. International Islamic University
  9. Quaid-e-Azam University
  10. Bahaudin Zakariya University
  11. University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences
  12. Lahore College for Women’s University




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